Food allergies – a manifestation of allergic reaction to any kind of food, or its constituent ingredients. As shows medical practice, to date, a food allergy in children – a very common phenomenon.
This disease is an allergic reaction to absolutely not harmful products which may contain a large amount of food allergens, in most cases, which is a protein, much less – carbohydrates and fats.
In case of development a child’s allergies, the immune system begins to produce large quantities of antibody. Their number is much higher specific norm, so the body becomes so reactive that to a harmless protein refers as to infection.
Causes of food allergies in children
The child, whose one parent allergy sufferers, the risk of developing allergies in a child increases twice. If both parents are allergic, the risk of development is even higher. However, substances-allergens for a child may be different from its parent allergens.
The reason may be a violation of proper nutrition and eating of large amounts of fast food, food additives and intermediates.
In children under 1 year of food allergy is most often due to hypersensitivity to cow’s milk, with a gradual expansion of the diet may manifest allergic reactions on juices, fruit and vegetable purees, usually from fruits yellow, orange, red color (strawberries, raspberries, carrots, tomatoes), fish, potatoes, egg yolk.
In older children, the most common allergy cause the products such as chocolate, cocoa, honey, nuts, citrus fruit, fish products, an excess of dough and flour products, carbonated beverages.
Symptoms of food allergy in children
Often the first symptoms can serve as skin redness, hives and itching.
If you notice increased symptoms such as swelling of several bodies, itching and sweating, low blood pressure and shortness of breath, quite possibly offensive anaphylactic shock. This phenomenon is quite rare, but for the life presents a great danger. If at these symptoms not react quickly, death can occur the patient.
Treatment of food allergies in children
Timely treatment can lead to a full recovery of the child. In addition to ointments, creams and gels for topical application, which will help to eliminate skin redness, swelling and itching it, the patient is assigned a diet.
A diet that is necessary to comply within a few weeks, suggests total exclusion of the alleged allergen from the menu of the patient. The menu of the hypoallergenic diet includes mostly salad, rice and apples. After some time, making possible the diversity in the menu, and after a certain period it is possible to enter and allergen in small amounts.
Complications of food allergies
Food allergies – a disease, the treatment of which can not be postponed, because in the future the situation can only get worse. If you do not start treatment after the onset of the first symptoms, the intensity of allergic reactions and range of allergens will be expanded.