Pericoronitis – inflammation characterized by edema, hyperemia (redness) may be a suppuration hood wisdom tooth.

Hood in the wisdom tooth and its complications.jpg

Pericoronitis can develop when wisdom teeth only partially erupt (break through the gum). This allows an opening for bacteria to enter around the tooth and cause an infection. In cases of pericoronitis, food or plaque (a bacteria on teeth after eating) may get caught underneath a flap of gum around the tooth. If it remains there, it can irritate the gum and lead to pericoronitis. If the pericoronitis is severe, the swelling and infection may extend beyond the jaw to the cheeks and neck.

Symptoms of Pericoronitis

Mild forms of the hood inflammation accompanied by pain in the wisdom tooth, swelling of the gums, feeling an unpleasant taste and odor from the tooth, caused by pus leaking from the gums.

Further, depending on the stage of development of the inflammatory process occur various other symptoms. For example, the opening of the mouth hampered, due to the spread of edema in the masseter muscle.

Acute process is accompanied by painful swallowing, accompanied by swelling and infiltrative changes  of the gums in the wisdom tooth. And, not surprisingly, these inflammatory processes proceed on the background of a high temperature.

Diagnostics of Pericoronitis

Your dentist will examine your wisdom teeth and how they are coming in, and see if any are partially erupted. He or she may take an X-ray periodically to determine the alignment of the wisdom teeth. Your dentist will also take note of any symptoms such as swelling or infection, and will check for the presence of a gum flap around a wisdom tooth.

Treatment options Pathology

  • If the pain and swelling has not spread, treat it by rinsing your mouth with warm salt water. You should also make sure that the gum flap has no food trapped under it.
  • If your tooth, jaw and cheek are swollen and painful, see your dentist right away to can treat the infection with appropriate antibiotics. You can also take pain relievers such as aspirin paracetamol or ibuprofen.
  • Removal of wisdom teeth. Surgery to remove a wisdom tooth is carried out, if it has no physiological value, and due to the absence of tooth-antagonist will not be involved in the process of chewing food. Also, if an X-ray study revealed that the space for its formation is not enough, and it is growing in the wrong direction.
  • In other cases, when the need to preserve the wisdom tooth, carried out an operation to remove the hood. Removing the hood, wisdom tooth surgery is simple, performed under local anesthesia.

If you suspect the development of pericoronitis, at revealing of any accompanying symptoms, you should immediately contact your dentist. In the early stages of development, the treatment of the hood wisdom tooth is not particularly difficult. The postponement of the visit to the doctor, only delayed the moment of recovery.