Psychosis – a mental disorder in which the surrounding reality is perceived distortion. Acute psychosis means that the disease appears suddenly and quite rapidly develops.
Acute psychosis can be caused by:
- The use of psychoactive drugs, alcohol;
- High stress and shock;
- Traumatic brain injury;
Types of Disease
Depending on the factors that influenced the occurrence of the disease the acute psychosis are divided into:
- Exogenous that arise under the influence of external conditions on the person, eg death a close person; addiction to alcohol and drugs.
- Endogenous – due to internal reasons. These include schizophrenia, psychosis of manic-depressive character, affective psychosis, bipolar disorder.
Symptoms of acute psychosis:
- Various hallucinations – visual, tactile, auditory;
- Delirium with false beliefs that are not amenable overpersuasion;
- Inadequate perception of themselves and the surrounding reality;
- Disorganized and incoherent speech;
- Restlessness and inappropriate behavior.
Before the advent of severe disease, almost always arise harbingers:
- The requirement for increased attention to the person;
- Irritability, angry;
- Sleep disturbance;
- Loss of appetite;
- Indifference and apathy;
- The frequent occurrence of the doldrums;
- Inattention, distraction, carelessness, unsociable.
Such disorders in this disease can be sustained over time, or appear, and then disappear without a trace.
Diagnosis and Treatment
On examination the patient by Psychiatry and Addiction, the diseases is diagnosed, and compiled the clinical picture.
Any symptoms of acute psychosis require immediate hospitalization in a specialized institution. The reason is that unconsciously, without realizing it, he may harm himself or others. Many patients do not recognize the existence at itself any abnormalities and signs of the disease, whereas in this case the treatment of acute psychosis should be carried out compulsorily.
Therapeutic measures include the use of psychotropic and bracing medications for the normalization of the patient’s condition. Also, it is obligatory to consult a psychiatrist.
After the disappearance of the signs and symptoms of acute psychosis, the patient must take medications regularly and carry out long-term maintenance treatment. This is necessary in order to achieve a stable and effective result.
With timely and correctly rendered help the treatment of acute psychosis leads to a significant increase in the probability of a favorable solution of problem.