Baldness (alopecia) is the total or partial loss of hair on the head. There are several types of baldness – androgenic, patchy, diffuse, seborrheic, cicatricial.
Androgenic alopecia – the most common type of hair loss that occurs at the age of 25 – 55 years, 30-35% of the male population. The same problem exists among women, but is much rarer.
Signs of baldness
Baldness – a disease, the main symptoms of alopecia are:
- active baldness (often by strands hair);
- fragility, weakness, brittleness and dryness of the hair;
- hair thinning, reducing the size of the hair follicles;
- hair loss, baldness of the whole head or of its different zones.
The most common type. Basically, baldness head is marked in the frontal and parietal parts of men, women – in places thinning hair parting. Reasons this type of baldness are as adverse effects of hormones (androgens). Oppressed follicles decrease in size, and can not produce healthy hair.
A common clinical feature of this type of baldness for men and women is a change of terminal hair to thin and short. Hair gradually thinning, turn into vellus. The tendency to this type of alopecia is transmitted genetically.
Alopecia is stronger uniform hair loss on the entire surface of the head. In women, the disease is more common, noticeable when the hair starts to fall abundantly while washing or combing. The main causes of this type of baldness:
- Metabolic disorders;
- Hormonal Imbalance;
- The lack of microelements;
- Chronic diseases;
- Long-term drug therapy;
The disease, is marked the hair loss in the form of lesions. It is a rare disease characterized by hair loss that begins suddenly, sometimes accompanied by loss of eyelashes, eyebrows, hair, beard.
The disease begins with hair loss, baldness several areas of the head, it can last a long time, and subsequently lead to total hair loss.
Baldness of this type contributes to the heavy psycho-emotional stress, autoimmune and viral infections. Interestingly, baldness may suddenly stop and hair growth fully recover.
Disease characterized by irreversible damage to the hair follicles and the formation of connective tissue in this place. Areas of baldness appear on the parietal and frontal part, irregular in shape, are arranged asymmetrically, in these areas develops atrophy of all layers of the skin. It is more common after age 35-40. The disease tends to progression.
Most often baldness – a lengthy process. Sometimes, however, it has been a sharp baldness. Reasons for the loss of a large amount of hair – intoxication substances of various origin (heavy metal salts, alkali vapors, acids, irradiation). Sudden baldness can be so fast that for 3-7 days a person loses a large part of the hair.
Treatment of baldness – the process is quite complex and not always effective.
Much attention is paid to taking of microelements – iron supplementation, zinc, copper, which prescribe a course of 1 month to six months. To stimulate hair follicles are appointed by hormones. Restore blood flow in the lesions can be drugs ATP parmidin. External appointed numerous toning and irritating ointments, suspensions, aerosols, creams.
At constant hair loss and ineffectiveness of conservative treatment is used hair transplantation. During a hair transplant, hairs are moved from an area of thick growth to bald areas. The procedure is performed as follows:
- You receive local anesthesia to numb the scalp. You may also receive medicine to relax you;
- Your scalp is thoroughly cleaned;
- A strip of your hairy scalp is removed using a scalpel (surgical knife) and set aside. This area of your scalp is called the donor area. The scalp is closed using tiny stitches;
- Small groups of hairs, or individual hairs, are carefully separated out from the removed scalp;
- The bald areas that will receive these healthy hairs are cleaned;
- These areas of your scalp are called the recipient areas;
- Tiny cuts are made in the bald area;
- Healthy hairs are carefully placed in the cuts;
- During a single treatment session, hundreds or even thousands of hairs may be transplanted.