Doctors often use this list symptoms characteristic of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) to distinguish it from other intestinal diseases. However, in people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome, can not be observed none of these symptoms.
Probability of presence the irritable bowel syndrome is high, if the symptoms began at least six months ago, pain or discomfort in the abdomen continues for at least 3 days during the last 3 months, and at least two of the following statements correspond to reality:
- The pain decreases after a bowel movement;
- Pain varies depending on the frequency of defecation;
- Pain varies depending on the appearance and consistency of stool;
- The presence of any of the following symptoms indicates a diagnosis of IBS.
When at irritable bowel syndrome the nature of bowel movements may change over time. There may be two or more of the following conditions:
- Stool often (diarrhea) or less (constipation) than normal, i.e. more than 3 times a day, or at least 3 times a week.
- Changes in the volume and stool consistency.
- Changing the process of defecation. There may be a strong urge to defecate, or a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bowel.
- Abdominal distension.
Other intestinal symptoms
Some patients complain of pain in the lower abdomen and constipation alternating with diarrhea. Other patients have pain and mild constipation, but without diarrhea. Sometimes symptoms include the accumulation of gas in the intestines and mucus in the feces.
In some cases, may appear symptoms unrelated with the intestines, for example:
- Anxiety or depression;
- Unpleasant taste in the mouth;
- Sleep disorders;
- Sexual disorders such as pain during intercourse or decreased libido;
- Feeling disruptions in heart (feeling fading or flutter of the heart);
- Violation of urination (frequent urging, incomplete emptying of the bladder).
Symptoms often occur after meals, in stressful situations or during menstruation.