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Category Archives: Toxicology

alcohol poisoning.jpgAlcohol poisoning is from acute toxic effects of alcohol consumption. Directly impacting the Central Nervous System, it slows breathing, heart rate, gag reflex, cause gastritis and severe gastrointestinal bleeding to respiratory arrest and death. When the gag reflex is slowed, there is danger of asphyxiation. This occurs when the person is unconscious from excessive alcohol intake vomits and then chokes. Continue reading

SmokingMost people associate cigarette smoking with breathing problems and lung cancer. But smoking is also a major cause of cardiovascular disease.

Smoking and tobacco use are significant risk factors for a variety of chronic disorders. According to the American Heart Association, cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of premature death in the United States, accounting for 440,000 of the more than 2.4 million annual deaths. Continue reading

Principles of the treatment a patients with acute poisoningMost critically ill patients is unknown substance that causes a poisoning. In many respects it complicates the choice of optimal therapy. And so to all patients with acute poisoning admitted to the intensive care unit, you must:

  • Catheterization or puncture a vein for infusion therapy;
  • To introduce a permanent catheter into the bladder;
  • A probe into the stomach.

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